Mar 052010
 

Tonight’s goals:

  1. Install a second HDD
  2. get gmirror running
  3. install the remaining 5x2TB HDD
  4. add the two RAID cards

After adding in the second HDD for the OS, dmesg shows this:

ad4: 76319MB <seagate ST380815AS 4.AAB> at ata2-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
acd0: DVDR <tsstcorp CDDVDW SH-S223C/SB01> at ata3-master UDMA100 SATA 1.5Gb/s
ad8: 152587MB <wdc WD1600AAJS-75M0A0 02.03E02> at ata4-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s

The following shows me I’m booting from ad4, so ad8 must be my newly added HDD.

$ cat /etc/fstab
# Device                Mountpoint      FStype  Options         Dump    Pass#
/dev/ad4s1b             none            swap    sw              0       0
/dev/ad4s1a             /               ufs     rw              1       1
/dev/ad4s1e             /tmp            ufs     rw              2       2
/dev/ad4s1f             /usr            ufs     rw              2       2
/dev/ad4s1d             /var            ufs     rw              2       2
/dev/acd0               /cdrom          cd9660  ro,noauto       0       0

Clearly, I want to mirror from ad4 to ad8.

Reading my previous work on gmirror, I found I had to do this:

# gmirror label -v -b round-robin gm0 /dev/ad4
gmirror: Can't store metadata on /dev/ad4: Operation not permitted.

Oops. I need to be running from my DVD and with FIXIT (read the above URL for details).

After following the instructions properly, and rebooting, I found this:

# mount
/dev/mirror/gm0s1a on / (ufs, local, soft-updates)
devfs on /dev (devfs, local, multilabel)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1e on /tmp (ufs, local, soft-updates)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1f on /usr (ufs, local, soft-updates)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1d on /var (ufs, local, soft-updates)

Then I added the extra HDD into the mirror:

gmirror insert gm0 /dev/ad8

The status is:

# gmirror list
Geom name: gm0
State: DEGRADED
Components: 2
Balance: round-robin
Slice: 4096
Flags: NONE
GenID: 0
SyncID: 1
ID: 3685004504
Providers:
1. Name: mirror/gm0
   Mediasize: 80026361344 (75G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r6w5e14
Consumers:
1. Name: ad4
   Mediasize: 80026361856 (75G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r1w1e1
   State: ACTIVE
   Priority: 0
   Flags: NONE
   GenID: 0
   SyncID: 1
   ID: 3456884141
2. Name: ad8
   Mediasize: 160000000000 (149G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r1w1e1
   State: SYNCHRONIZING
   Priority: 0
   Flags: DIRTY, SYNCHRONIZING
   GenID: 0
   SyncID: 1
   Synchronized: 1%
   ID: 880733105

I waited until it was 100%, then powered down and added in the remaining hardware.

After installing the 5 2TB drives and rebooting, dmesg showed me:

ad8: 1907729MB <Hitachi HDS722020ALA330 JKAOA28A> at ata4-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
ad10: 1907729MB <Hitachi HDS722020ALA330 JKAOA28A> at ata5-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
ad12: 1907729MB <Hitachi HDS722020ALA330 JKAOA28A> at ata6-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
ad14: 1907729MB <Hitachi HDS722020ALA330 JKAOA28A> at ata7-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
ad16: 1907729MB <Hitachi HDS722020ALA330 JKAOA28A> at ata8-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
ad20: 76319MB <Seagate ST380815AS 4.AAB> at ata10-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s
acd0: DVDR <TSSTcorp CDDVDW SH-S223C/SB01> at ata11-master UDMA100 SATA 1.5Gb/s
ad24: 152587MB <WDC WD1600AAJS-75M0A0 02.03E02> at ata12-master UDMA100 SATA 3Gb/s

Interesting… with gmirror, even though the HDD changed device numbers, it still booted correctly. I am impressed. This shows the new device numbers:

$ gmirror list
Geom name: gm0
State: COMPLETE
Components: 2
Balance: round-robin
Slice: 4096
Flags: NONE
GenID: 0
SyncID: 2
ID: 3685004504
Providers:
1. Name: mirror/gm0
   Mediasize: 80026361344 (75G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r5w5e14
Consumers:
1. Name: ad20
   Mediasize: 80026361856 (75G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r1w1e1
   State: ACTIVE
   Priority: 0
   Flags: NONE
   GenID: 0
   SyncID: 2
   ID: 3456884141
2. Name: ad24
   Mediasize: 160000000000 (149G)
   Sectorsize: 512
   Mode: r1w1e1
   State: ACTIVE
   Priority: 0
   Flags: NONE
   GenID: 0
   SyncID: 2
   ID: 880733105

At this point, I checked my power consumption. It was 147W.

To enable and then start ZFS:

# echo 'zfs_enable="YES"' >> /etc/rc.conf
# /etc/rc.d/zfs start

Which produced these log entries:

Mar  5 21:43:12 kraken kernel: ZFS NOTICE: Prefetch is disabled by default if less than 4GB of RAM is present;
Mar  5 21:43:12 kraken kernel: to enable, add "vfs.zfs.prefetch_disable=0" to /boot/loader.conf.
Mar  5 21:43:12 kraken kernel: ZFS filesystem version 3
Mar  5 21:43:12 kraken kernel: ZFS storage pool version 14

I find the Prefetch message interesting. I have 4GB of RAM.

To create a ZFS raidz array with parity 1:

# zpool create storage raidz1 ad8 ad10 ad12 ad14 ad16

Note the new mount point:

# mount
/dev/mirror/gm0s1a on / (ufs, local, soft-updates)
devfs on /dev (devfs, local, multilabel)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1e on /tmp (ufs, local, soft-updates)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1f on /usr (ufs, local, soft-updates)
/dev/mirror/gm0s1d on /var (ufs, local, soft-updates)
storage on /storage (zfs, local)

And the space:

# df
Filesystem         1K-blocks     Used      Avail Capacity  Mounted on
/dev/mirror/gm0s1a    1012974  506268     425670    54%    /
devfs                       1       1          0   100%    /dev
/dev/mirror/gm0s1e    4058062      58    3733360     0%    /tmp
/dev/mirror/gm0s1f   60456546 3565214   52054810     6%    /usr
/dev/mirror/gm0s1d    4058062  107242    3626176     3%    /var
storage            7651768192       0 7651768192     0%    /storage

To add daily status messages:

echo 'daily_status_zfs_enable="YES"' >> /etc/periodic.conf

To see a list:

# zfs list
NAME      USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
storage  98.3K  7.13T  28.8K  /storage

And the history:

# zpool history
History for 'storage':
2010-03-05.21:51:07 zpool create storage raidz1 ad8 ad10 ad12 ad14 ad16

And this is interesteing to hear, if only on an empty system:

zpool scrub storage

Status:

$ zpool status storage
  pool: storage
 state: ONLINE
 scrub: scrub completed after 0h0m with 0 errors on Fri Mar  5 22:01:35 2010
config:

        NAME        STATE     READ WRITE CKSUM
        storage     ONLINE       0     0     0
          raidz1    ONLINE       0     0     0
            ad8     ONLINE       0     0     0
            ad10    ONLINE       0     0     0
            ad12    ONLINE       0     0     0
            ad14    ONLINE       0     0     0
            ad16    ONLINE       0     0     0

errors: No known data errors

Even more information:

$ zpool get all storage
NAME     PROPERTY       VALUE       SOURCE
storage  size           9.06T       -
storage  used           156K        -
storage  available      9.06T       -
storage  capacity       0%          -
storage  altroot        -           default
storage  health         ONLINE      -
storage  guid           14112753923970899783  -
storage  version        14          default
storage  bootfs         -           default
storage  delegation     on          default
storage  autoreplace    off         default
storage  cachefile      -           default
storage  failmode       wait        default
storage  listsnapshots  off         default

I must say, it was a bit of a non-event. It look more time to install the HDD than it did to configure ZFS.

Just the way it should be, if you ask me. :)

  2 Responses to “mirroring the hard drive”

  1. “I must say, it was a bit of a non-event. It look more time to install the HDD than it did to configure ZFS.”

    I think so, too.

    kean@web.de

  2. Thanks Kean. I appreciate the help.

    You left a link to a clothing store in your URL. It’s a shame about that. Spammers are not welcome here at all.