Apr 062014

One of the great things about FreeBSD is the poudriere tool. With it, you can create your own set of customized packages for installation on your server. Today, I will be installing packages in a FreeBSD 9.2 jail. Although I am installing in a jail, the same steps apply to any FreeBSD 9.2 host.

In this post, I will cover how to deliver the packages produced by poudriere. I have already written about building custom package with poudriere. In this post, I’ll show you how to deliver those packages over http (via nginx) and how to install them.

I will start by configuring nginx to deliver

I will continue by configuring the empty system I created using ezjail.

nginx deliver

These steps are carried out on your poudriere server.

I installed nginx with this command:

pkg install nginx

My nginx file looks like this:

worker_processes  1;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    sendfile        on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    server {
        server_name  slocum.example.org;

         root /usr/local/www/nginx-default/;

        location /logs/ {
            root      /poudriere/data/;
            autoindex on;
            index     index.html index.htm;

        location /packages/ {
            root      /poudriere/data;
            autoindex on;
            index     index.html index.htm;

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/local/www/nginx-dist;


The listen directive specifies an IP address because this host has multiple. The location directives seen above point to pathnames determined when setting up poudriere. You can see how I did that in my previous post.

You should enable ngnix by adding this to /etc/rc.conf:


Then you can start ngnix with this command:

# service nginx start
Performing sanity check on nginx configuration:
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
Starting nginx.

Now you should be able to view your build and your packages using the /log and /packages directories in your browser.


In my newly created jail, there is nothing configured. My first step is setting up /etc/resolv.conf so DNS works. I added this to the file:

search example.com

Your values must reflect your environment. Only you can decide what goes in your file.

Installing pkg

I am using FreeBSD 9.2, thus, I must install pkg by hand. I installed from the FreeBSD package servers with this command:

# pkg
The package management tool is not yet installed on your system.
Do you want to fetch and install it now? [y/N]: y
Bootstrapping pkg please wait
Installing pkg-1.2.7... done
If you are upgrading from the old package format, first run:

  # pkg2ng
Usage: pkg [-v] [-d] [-l] [-N] [-j |-c ] [-C ] [-R ]  []

Global options supported:
	-d             Increment debug level
	-j             Execute pkg(8) inside a jail(8)
	-c             Execute pkg(8) inside a chroot(8)
	-C             Use the specified configuration file
	-R             Directory to search for individual repository configurations
	-l             List available commands and exit
	-v             Display pkg(8) version
	-N             Test if pkg(8) is activated and avoid auto-activation

Commands supported:
	add            Registers a package and installs it on the system
	annotate       Add, modify or delete tag-value style annotations on packages
	audit          Reports vulnerable packages
	autoremove     Removes orphan packages
	backup         Backs-up and restores the local package database
	check          Checks for missing dependencies and database consistency
	clean          Cleans old packages from the cache
	config         Display the value of the configuration options
	convert        Convert database from/to pkgng
	create         Creates software package distributions
	delete         Deletes packages from the database and the system
	fetch          Fetches packages from a remote repository
	help           Displays help information
	info           Displays information about installed packages
	install        Installs packages from remote package repositories
	lock           Locks package against modifications or deletion
	plugins        Manages plugins and displays information about plugins
	query          Queries information about installed packages
	register       Registers a package into the local database
	remove         Deletes packages from the database and the system
	repo           Creates a package repository catalogue
	rquery         Queries information in repository catalogues
	search         Performs a search of package repository catalogues
	set            Modifies information about packages in the local database
	ssh            ssh packages to be used via ssh
	shell          Opens a debug shell
	shlib          Displays which packages link against a specific shared library
	stats          Displays package database statistics
	unlock         Unlocks a package, allowing modification or deletion
	update         Updates package repository catalogues
	updating       Displays UPDATING information for a package
	upgrade        Performs upgrades of packaged software distributions
	version        Displays the versions of installed packages
	which          Displays which package installed a specific file

Commands provided by plugins:

For more information on the different commands see 'pkg help '.

Configuring pkgng

The previous step installed /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf, but the contents are not needed for what we are going to do. So I removed that file.

On FreeBSD 9.2, you must set this value in /etc/make.conf to ensure that the new pkg is used, as opposed to the older commands:

WITH_PKGNG=             yes

I then specified our custom FreeBSD repository by first issuing this command:

mkdir /etc/pkg

and then creating /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf with this contents:

FreeBSD: {
   url: "pkg+http://slocum.example.org/packages/releng_9_2-HEAD-bacula",
   mirror_type: "srv",
   signature_type: "none",
   fingerprints: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
   enabled: true

where slocum.example.org is the server which hosts your custom packages.

Installing the packages

Now you should be able to do this:

# pkg upgrade
Updating repository catalogue
digests.txz                                   100% 1188     1.2KB/s   1.2KB/s   00:00    
packagesite.txz                               100% 8920     8.7KB/s   8.7KB/s   00:00    
Incremental update completed, 18 packages processed:
18 packages updated, 0 removed and 0 added.
Nothing to do

An install looks like this:

# pkg install bash
Updating repository catalogue
The following 1 packages will be installed:

	Installing bash: 4.3.0_1

The installation will require 6 MB more space

0 B to be downloaded

Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
Checking integrity... done
[1/1] Installing bash-4.3.0_1...Updating /etc/shells

If you install a package, all dependencies will also be installed. For example:

 # pkg install joe
Updating repository catalogue
digests.txz                                 100% 1292     1.3KB/s   1.3KB/s   00:00    
packagesite.txz                             100% 9708     9.5KB/s   9.5KB/s   00:00    
Incremental update completed, 20 packages processed:
0 packages updated, 0 removed and 2 added.
The following 2 packages will be installed:

	Installing aspell:
	Installing joe: 3.7_2,1

The installation will require 6 MB more space

1 MB to be downloaded

Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y
aspell-                       100%  794KB 793.7KB/s 793.7KB/s   00:00    
joe-3.7_2,1.txz                             100%  315KB 315.3KB/s 315.3KB/s   00:00    
Checking integrity... done
[1/2] Installing aspell- done
[2/2] Installing joe-3.7_2,1... done

It’s fantastic.

Hope this helps.

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